Katzapurrin Maine CoonsMaine Coon Kittens for Sale in Pennsylvania. It's finally official Katzapurrin. It's finally official Katzapurrin Gossamer of Marikoons is a QGC! Atlastcats Veruka Salt of Marikoons is a champion! Marikoons Maine Coons, profile picture. Mainelyclassic Molly of Maine Delite. These are people who specialize in the breed and really understand their personality traits and how to care for them. UPDATED: March 25th, 2022 - This site created and maintained by Kelim Coons - ©2003-2022 Kelim Coons ©2003-2022 Kelim Coons. Here are our current actively (or soon to be) breeding cats: 2020 FeLV/FIV/HW Test Results Sires (Dads) Elegant Lynx Maximus of AtLastCats a. Maine Coon cattery located in south eastern CT. Finding a Maine Coon cat breeder in Connecticut can be difficult, but we've done all of the hard work for you. We are more than happy to provide information about our cats, and the breeding process. Den tungeste Maine Coon, der nogensinde har været på vægten, vejede 15,9 kilo Maine coonen är en snäll, lugn och charmig katt, den är också en aktiv, lekfull katt. If you start your cycle on a daily dose of 10mg, you can break it up into two doses, each of 5mg. Den har lätt att komma överens. All of our Maine Coons are negative for the HCM gene, and our lines are free from HCM. Our Maine Coons are very well socialized, happily coexisting with our canine and human family. com are Coon Cat breeders based in Guilford. PLEASE READ ALL THE INFO INFORMATION BELOW, THIS SECTION WAS MADE TO PROVIDE AS MUCH INFORMATION ABOUT US AND OUR CATS/KITTENS AS POSSIBLE, ABOUT THE MAINE COON BREED IN GENERAL, AND OUR RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CARING FOR YOUR CAT/KITTEN ABOUT OUR KITTENS Kittens can go to their new homes at 12-16 wks of age. варикоз maine coons : complicatiile de tratarea de. Here are the great Maine Coons females we are currently using in our breeding program. Kitten prices are currently $2000 which includes first two vaccinations, health guarantee, TICA registration blue slip, microchipping and spay/neuter. Our cats are also raised with dogs and are given a wide range of social interaction to ensure a versatile, easy going temperament. YankeeCats Club 2011 & 2012 Holiday Show. We fell in love with adopted with this gentle, intelligent & beautiful breed when we adopted our first Maine Coon cat in the late 1990's, and have been enjoying their company ever since. Katzapurrin Maine Coon Cats. Here are some especially thoughtful ones. Fog City is a hobby cattery, owned by Tina Dodge and registered with TICA, CFA, CFF and ACA. RW SHONAN CATS LEONE" BROWN TABBY MAINE COON Neuter 12/13/2008 9/19/2015 . The height of the male cat is 10-16 inches and be about 40 inches long. Shadowlynx Main Coon Cattery. Maine Coon Breeders Connecticut. TRIBALCATS DOES NOT SHIP KITTENS, however, we do offer courier service. The male Maine Coon is larger than usually. Red Tabby & White Maine Coon Male · RW SGC Katzapurrin Gossamer of Marikoons Born: 11/12/ . Early Spring Kittens have arrived. I fell in love with Griffin and the breed at first sight. Health Details from Our Cattery Maine Coons from within Elegant Lynx Cattery breeding program have completed Ultrasound Heart Testing and have Genetic Testing. Born Feb 03, 2022 (all sold) My current list goes into late summer/early fall 2022 but don't be discouraged as my list often changes and moves quickly. cautare pentru tratamente varice. Rita, Bruce, Kimberly & Kelly Berg breed Maine Coons under the Kelimcoons cattery name and show their cats in both TICA and CFA. Fezzik, the father had no comment other than that he’d like to try again, if only to prove his virility. To reserve a kitten please contact us at [email protected] Its head is triangular with wide-set eyes and large ears, and its tail is long and plush. Katzapurrin Maine Coons Has This Breeder Been Cat Kingpin Certified? No How They Describe Themselves: Our home is our cattery and all the cats have run of the house. When picking up your kitten I will meet you in driveway. CAITRIA CAITSITH CAJ CAJON CAJUN COONS CAJUNBENGALS CAJUNEXOTICS KATZALANO KATZALOT KATZAMUCK KATZAPURRIN KATZCRADLE KATZEKISSA . Advertisement By: Mark Mancini | Updated: Mar 30, 2021 We'll never resolve the "cat versus dog" debate, but when it comes to diversity, man's best friend is. Birth date: November 12, 2014 Color: Red Classic Sire: RW SGC Katzapurrin Ruari Dam: Coonificent Zoey Breeder: Lisa Burtsche Negative for cMyBP-C HCM DNA Mutation PK DEFICIENCY results for Katzapurrin Gossamer of Marikoons N/N - no copies of PK deficiency, cat is normal Screened clear of HCM by ultrasound 2/12/2016 2/26/2018. They are up to date on all vaccines and wellness checks when they come to you. Since the cat breed first arrived on British shores in the 1980s, they found a big fan base. net The following Maine Coon breeder is listed on ‘Breedlist’ (source 1):Cattery: Katzapurrin (CFA, TICA) Name: Lisa Burtsche Location: Newton, CT Email: …. Its most common coloration of tabby brown as well as its beautiful fluffy tail are similar to that of a raccoon. Find your gorgeous longhaired, Maine Coon kitten from the extensive breeder list below. In 1993, the cat breed was acknowledged full recognition by the GCCF. Maine coon kittens for sale near me. Our cats are raised in our home as our pets, and our kittens are socialized with adults and our 6 children beginning from birth. If you are already familiar with maine coon cats, you know what wonderful companions they make. Sponsored: Congratulations David and Eden From Katzapurrin Maine Coons: 20th Best LH Cat: RW GRC Bellapalazzo Ryan: RD: Mindy Ferreira: Yes Sponsored: Coonificent Maine Coons: 19th Best LH Cat: RW QGC Brightstone Beauteous Sir Spartacus: RD: David Nudleman: No Sponsored: Congratulations!! Rose Mary Cyr: 18th Best LH Cat: RW QGC Coonificent. They are good mousers but not necessarily birders, they prefer. ' They are probably the largest domesticated cats in the world. Maine Coon Kittens For Sale Near Me Craigslist. Maine Coon Cattery in Cyprus and the United Kingdom. They are raised by her (and sometimes dad participates) in our home. RW QGC Tribalcats Fiona of Katzapurrin. One of the largest domestic breeds, male Maine Coons weigh in at 12 to 18 pounds, while the females fall into a 'petite' 10 to 14 pound. Stenabolic Cycle and SR9009 Dosage. Our kittens are raised in our home, receiving the diverse interactions, experiences and play necessary to prepare them for a smooth adjustment to their new homes and families. "When I started 12 years ago, the internet wasn’t full of images promoting extremely-typed Maine Coons (Pinterest, Instagram, Facebook groups for selling kittens from mills) like there is today. Maine Coons communicate with a chirping trill rather than a meow, an incongruous sound coming from a gentle giant. Registered Maine Coon breeders will register the Maine Coon cat beforehand. Best Alter Of The Year IW SGCA ASHLIN ZOTS THENARDIER/CF Black Silver Classic Tabby/White Exotic Shorthair. Mario is a long hair maine coon mix kitten, 2. Maine Coon is an old cat breed that is native to the United States, particularly in Maine, where its name came from. Katzapurrin Maine Coons: Top 25 Shorthair Cats (See Top 25 Cats for 1-14 Ranked Longhairs) 14th Best Shorthair Cat of the Year IW SGC CHIPMUNK SMILEY TOO Brown (Black) Classic Tabby Oriental Shorthair Kay Hanvey/M King/B and M Gregory: Sponsor: Gaynell Gallaway/ Sunspirit Exotics:. It contains very important information about how the Maine Coon becomes the Maine Coon you see so much nowadays. Siobhan Moore School of Irish Dance. Hence, users have to break up their day-to-day doses. Dracoonfly Maine Coons: 16th Best LH Cat: RW Anouchka Pretty In Pink : PS: Brigitte Pouliot Yes Sponsored: Congratulations Molly! xxx Marie-Eve and the Royal Sphynx family:. The Maine Coon quite possibly acquired its name because of its many "raccoon-like" characteristics. Maine Coon Kittens For Sale. Includes information about breeding and the cattery as well as photographs and news. Maine Coon Kittens, Maine Coon Cattery, Maine Coon kittens for sale, Maine Coon cats, Maine Coon breeders, Maine Coon kittens Boston, Maine Coon Breeders Marshfield Hills and Boston, Maine coon cats Massachusetts. Genetic Testing includes: HCM, SMA, PK Def and PKD1. The cattery offers Maine Coon kittens. com "At Havah Maine Coons, we are committed to producing healthy, friendly, beautiful Maine Coon cats that make wonderful companions. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Maine Coon purring in bliss, waking me up in bed!. Females are generally somewhat smaller than males, ranging between. It is supposed that these cats and their kittens were traded, sold or given. Please feel free to browse through our litters of Maine Coon Kittens. Contact JOBEA Maine Coons: Diane Torres Averill Park, NY. MAINE COON KITTENS for sale in Tn!. You are welcome to browse our site and check out our Available kitten page or contact us at [email protected] It's thought the cat breed was brought when early voyagers took long-haired cats back to the United States. Maine Coon Admirer is the number one platform to offer superior content and valuable information to cat and kitten lovers. Katzapurrin Maine Coon Cats in Newtown CT. Binded pair that must be homed together. This sweet kitten is available from my friend Lisa of Katzapurrin cattery (same cattery our Gossamer comes from). A JOBEA Maine Coon kitten is as sweet and loving as it is breathtakingly beautiful and healthy - this is something we are renowned for. Created: 2016-12-08: Expires: 2022-12-08: Owner: Registration Private (Domains By Proxy, LLC) Hosting company: Liquid Web, L. Kittens are ready for their new homes at 14 weeks of age. Age of kittens fr Russia, Ohio » Maine Coon $1,250 Maine Coon Kittens 4 female kittens call or text for more info and pictures Forest, Ohio » Maine Coon $1,000: Male Maine coon If interested please call or text allow visitors. Spearpoint Sioux of Maine Delite. We believe that there are four boys and two girls. We also have two Leonbergers, the 'Gentle Giants' of the dog world. Maine coons — aka dreamy fluffballs of love — are the second most popular breed of cats in the U. We are a cat breeder that specializes in purebred maine coon kittens. We purchased our first Maine Coon (Calabash Ozzie of Katzapurrin) CT. Reputable cat breeders are registered with or affiliated to cat registries or official Maine Coon cat clubs and adhere to strict health and breed standards. , likely because of their playful disposition, devotion to their humans, and long, luxurious fur. Our goal is to breed healthy, happy, well adjusted companions. Ios 8 wallpapers for iphone 5s Maine Coon Kittens Cats For Sale Or Adoption In Your Area Milford Connecticut Search For More Kittens Cats And Find Pet Care Information And Buying Tips Maine Coon Cat breeder located in Newtown CT Katzapurrin Maine Coons We are located in Newtown Connecticut about hours from NYC and hour from Hartford CT Hnsn stocktwits Ford classic ranch wagon for sale Mustafa. Mylancoon is located in Palmyra, Pennsylvania about five minutes from Hershey, Pennsylvania. HowStuffWork looks at the differences between Maine Coon and Norwegian Forest cats. Maine coon kittens for sale near me. Katzapurrin Maine Coons: Christina Baumer: SP: Audrey Tracey Judges' Dinners: Judge: Sponsored By: Marilyne Gregg: Coonificent Maine Coons: Paul Lahey: With love RW SGM Mouseman & Kristen McGrath: Francine Hicks: Tania Antenucci - Argentia Orientals: Donna Madison: Tania Antenucci - Argentia Orientals: Brenda Russo. PLEASE READ ALL THE INFO INFORMATION BELOW, THIS SECTION WAS MADE TO PROVIDE AS MUCH INFORMATION ABOUT US AND OUR CATS/KITTENS AS POSSIBLE, ABOUT THE MAINE COON BREED IN GENERAL, AND OUR RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CARING FOR YOUR CAT/KITTEN. We are a small home based cattery breeding Maine Coon Cats in a variety of colors. Kittens (319) Rank Name Region Score; 1: MTNest Fujiyama : MA: 7153: 2: Katzapurrin Buster of Atlastcats : NE:. They are growing impressively fast. What a blissful morning for this beautiful Maine Coon cat visiting me in bed. All of our cats and kittens are registered with either. Rita works at home while her twin daughters, Kim and. The name Coon's Ransom came from combining the breed of cat, Maine Coon, with my last name. Maine coons can grow quite large; the average male weighs fifteen to eighteen pounds. net The following Maine Coon breeder is listed on 'Breedlist' (source 1):Cattery: Katzapurrin (CFA, TICA) Name: Lisa Burtsche Location: Newton, CT Email: [email protected] They leave our home to begin their new lives ready to delight you and capture your heart. Maine Coon Kittens for Sale. Blue Silver Ticked Tabby Maine Coon Janie/Allen Harris: Sponsor: Katzapurrin Maine Coons: Twenty Fifth Best Kitten Of The Year IW MTNEST LAFAYETTE OF MADININA Brown (Black) Classic Tabby/White Maine Coon Manuel Pirondeau: Sponsor: ES Region. Breeder Name, City, Associations, Website, Contact Breeder. Maine Coon Breeders : Check Out The Registered Breeders Across USA & Canada. варикоз maine coon cat what is a varicosity in the autonomic nervous system quizlet tratarea varicelor in mod natural. We are located in Newtown Connecticut. Luigi, his brother is a black / white tux short hair. These clubs determine the features that are acceptable for a specific cat breed. Our babies are calm, confident, playful and affectionate. Cats were selected to be companions and to rid the ships of rodents. Majestic Maine Cattery - "A home without a Maine Coon is just a house. Mainelyclassic Yuma of Quinsigamond. 1, Katzapurrin Maine Coons, Newtown, TICA . Here's everything you need to know about Maine Coon cats. Katzapurrin Maine Coons: Twenty Fifth Best Kitten Of The Year IW MTNEST LAFAYETTE OF MADININA Brown (Black) Classic Tabby/White Maine Coon Manuel Pirondeau: Sponsor: ES Region: Top 25 Alters. The Gallery · GC, NW Kanab's Luanne's Mahogany Rush, DM Born: 6/27/1988. com Maine Coon Cattery Website: https://www. This sweet kitten is available. We do not cage any animal in our home, however, our breeding males do have their own room. Or, for the complete list of Maine Coon cat breeders in the entire USA, click here. , Max, Maxie, Maxi-Cat, Gluteus, Splashy McSplashington Latest Cardiac Evaluation Genetic Tests Pedigree Mainelyclassic Clyde of Atlastcats a. Located in Ashland, New Hampshire, just south of the White Mountains, the Bergs live and raise their Maine Coons in a roomy, two level home built on a hillside. These gentile giants are not only a beautiful and magnificent breed, but they are also intelligent, affectionate, playful, and fun. TICA Outstanding Cattery & CFA Cattery of Excellence. The size of a full grown male Coon cat is typically 20-30 pounds, while the female averages between 10-15 pounds. Pierce, who owned Maine Coons as early as 1861, mentioned in The Book of the Cat that a Maine Coon named Leo was awarded Best Cat in the New York City cat show of 1895 and was a consistent winner in Boston in 1897, 1898, and 1899. Maine Coon Long Hair Kittens For Sale In Westchester Ny Welcome To Megacoon Com Travel With Us On A Journey Down My Maine Coon World Maine Coon Cat Breed Profile Petfinder Only Maine Coons Rescue Home Facebook Maine Coon Pros And Cons Should You Get A Maine Coon 10 Huge Maine Coons Mainecoon Org. Maine Coon Cat Breeders in Connecticut. The Maine Coon is the official state cat of Maine and the first truly American breed of cat. February 9, 2022 February 6, 2022 by AJ oren. High quality Maine Coons-inspired gifts and merchandise. 2015-2016 Show Season TICA NE REGION 18th Best All Breed Cat 10th Best Long Hair Cat. Katzapurrin Maine Coons: Platinum Sponsors: Silver Sponsors: Bronze Sponsors: Courtney Bell Mary Condon. RW SGC Mainelyclassic Night Stalker. We show our Maine Coons in TICA and CFF. Welcome to Marikoons Maine Coons. A very sturdy, muscular cat with a dense short coat, Brits are said to have more hairs per square inch than any other breed. These cats then mated with local shorthaired cat breeds and produced big, robust. TribalCats Maine Coon Cattery was established in 2001. Breeder Name: Lisa Larson Location: Willamette Valley area, Oregon Email: [email protected] We focus on breeding healthy & loving cats! Contact us. Gallery News Ambassadors Contact Us. We have tested our breeding adults for the dna gene mutation. 2020 - 2021 have been extremely difficult for all of us. TICA) Name: Lisa Burtsche Location: Newton, CT Email: [email protected] We do not use cages, any cat who may need to be isolated from the others gets their own room. We look forward to hearing from you! TO CONTACT ME: E-MAIL [email protected] As a responsible cat owner do not be tempted to buy a kitten from a backyard breeder or kitten mill. Eat, sleep, play, and in the case of this bunch mate. T-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, a. Maine Coons for Sale in Lancaster, PA. Contact Dodge, Tina GUILFORD CT United States 06437-2328 (925) 823-5502 Description. Katzapurrin maine coons we are located in newtown connecticut about 1 1 2 hours from nyc . The following Maine Coon breeder is registered with TICA: Name: Oksana Blais (TICA) City: Ledyard Zip: 06339 Email: oksana. Wir sind eine familiäre Maine Coon Zucht im. Kittens can go to their new homes at 12-16 wks of age. Our maine coon kittens don't leave mom until they are at least 12 weeks. Once approved we will let you know which kitten(s) are available and. Arctic Coon's No Mercy dot no Ma Coo's Hat Trick Maine Doll's Rigel Star Battle Burn's Gianna Löddeskogen's Tarzan 2002-08-01 Löddeskogen's Maine Nicci Oliem's Isak Overlord Graal Happy Tails Cassiopeia 2004-02-18 Oliem's Loranga 2003-03-18 Artimis Jasmine Oliem's Virgin Kalilu's Black-Eyed-Susan 2003-03-22 Sarafina Born To Be Great Kalilu's. List of Maine Coon Breeders in Connecticut. Ch Big Giants Black Pearl of Maine Delite. It has strong build with a broad chest and a long rectangular body shape. The Top 10 Coonie Q & A's >> is the essential handbook for all Maine Coon Questions, covering topics like nutrition and weight, litter box issues, size, lifespan, and more. Kittens (248) Rank Name Region Score; 1: MTNest Prince William : MA: 7889: 2: Broadsway Machias of Mtncats : SE: 7483: 3: Pajocoons Dynamite. Maine Coon Cat Breeders in Florida. Maine Coon Cat Breeders In United States. Maine Coon Breed Information and Temperament. Cochiti (girl) Dec 04 2021 Six for Sara Happy (if protective) mama Queen Sara Saturday gave birth to six large, healthy kittens on November 26th (the day after Thanksgiving). If you live in Connecticut and you're trying to adopt a Maine Coon kitten or cat, your best choice is to go to a Maine Coon breeder. Our adult dogs and cats (and chickens!) are well cared for, just like our children! Our kittens are $2000 each, with the. Fog City Maine Coon Cats - A registered cattery. Updated 07/25/2010: The following is a current list of TICA. Furreal Ragdolls (site has been since redesigned) BellaGatti Cat Club 2011 First Show. This breed originated in the early to mid 1800’s from various breeds brought into Maine harbors on ships. The following Maine Coon breeder is registered with TICA: Name: Oksana Blais (TICA) City: Ledyard Zip: 06339 Email: [email protected] Website: www. My cattery started after I adopted my first Maine Coon Griffin, from the breeder Wild West Exotics in California. Darling Nikki had a single boy kitten on February 27th in what is probably her last litter. Maine Coons are one of the most majestic purebred cats in the world. He was such a joy to have in my life. Seriously, we weigh them twice a day and we're pretty astounded at the numbers. RW SGC Katzapurrin Gossamer of Marikoons. варикоз maine coons cat: Myths, legends and lore surround the Maine Coon Cat. The following Californian Maine Coon breeder is registered with TICA: Name: Svitlana Revenko City: Panorama City State: California Country: USA Phone: +1 (818) 217-5368 Email: [email protected] Some are amusing, Maine Coons possess a rectangular body shape and are slow to physically mature;. Anco Maine Coons · The Legends Maine Coons · Shaba - Kora Maine Coon Cats · Kali-Katz. ★ Coons Cartage & Excavation ★ Gd, Smiths Falls, Ontario, 6139892012 ★ Cartage, Excavation Located in Alberta. ” Verantwoord fokken staat hoog in ons vaandel. The International Cat Association ( TICA) or the Cat Fanciers Association ( CFA) sometimes both and now American Cat Fanciers Association ( ACFA) too !. Has This Breeder Been Cat Kingpin Certified? No What's This? How They Describe Themselves: Our home is our cattery and all the cats . The Maine Coon is a huge muscular cat that has a well-developed body and sturdy, strong legs. Welcome to Mylancoon Maine Coon Cats. For more information email [email protected] TICA Breed Standings - Maine Coon. Katzapurrin Gossamer of Marikoons. British Blue they now come in almost all colors and patterns. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Introduction Sires Dams Show Cats Kittens. If you feel sick please reschedule pick up time of your . At Last Cats Maine Coon Cattery. Their large ears are tall and broader at the base. Registered Maine Coon Breeders Across USA & Canada. Welcome to Mylancoon Maine Coon Cats. TICA Northeast Region (site has been redesigned). Beal from Northeastern Veterinary Care Center, is who we use for our feline care. Smarty Pants and Percy are parents. Find more Maine Coon kittens for sale in these neighboring states: Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, or New Jersey. 2017 Northeast Regional Awards Sponsorships. Adopt Mario / Luigi a Maine Coon, Domestic Short Hair. Den længste kat nogensinde er i følge Guiness World Records Maine Coon'en Stewie, der er blevet målt til 123 cm fra næsetip til halespids. So, choosing a registered breeder will help you in receiving a perfectly well-bred Maine Coon Cat. GC Juliehill Tabasco of Mainelyclassic. net and request a Kitten Buyer application to be approved. Cat owners often regard them as the 'gentle giants. Watch till the end for some seriously cute and loud purring!. Maine Coon Cats For Sale Nyc. Typically the Maine Coon will not reach its maximum size until it is about 3 or 4 years old. Breeder located in Connecticut. First time users can begin with a 10mg to 20mg dose, and increased it to 25mg to 30mg per day. Their generally large size and curious nature may also remind one of their name sake. We are a very small, very high quality Maine Coon Cat "in-home breeder" located in Central Pennsylvania. MAINE COON SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY TEST REPORT MARIE HARRIMAN 27-Mar-2019 169 CLINTON ROAD ANTRIM, NH 03440 Case: CAT113824 Print Date: Date Received: 25-Mar-2019 Cat:KATZAPURRIN BUSTER OF ATLASTCATS SBT 083015 014 Sire: Dam: SBT 042714 013 Reg: DOB: 08/30/2015 Sex: Male Breed: Maine Coon Color: black & white Report ID: 8426-3199-9002-7124. Pedigree with the right to breed. He’s just starting to walk and is growing fast (but then, he is getting all that milk to himself). Our breeding program was started in 2005 and we were very fortunate. Welcome to Mylancoon Maine Coon Cats Mylancoon is located in Palmyra, Pennsylvania about five minutes from Hershey, Pennsylvania. варикоз maine coons: Darktower Maine Coons, maine coon, cat, kittens, breeder, cattery, cats, cat, kittens, maine coon kitten, maine. Welcome to Coonificent! We are a small Maine Coon cattery located in central Connecticut. варикоз maine coons cat : aparat de varicelor cu laser in. Thank you for your interest in MaineCoon Pride. Maine Delite Drayton of Maine Lvrs. Beal is dedicated towards her patients. Rumplteeza Maine Coons: 24th Best Longhair Cat of the Year IW SGC DEABAETE MABEL Brown (Black) Classic Torbie/White Persian Andrea and Elaine Heller : 25th Best Longhair Cat of the Year IW SGC LE BEAU MINU SMOKEY ROBINSON Black Smoke/White Maine Coon Tom and Carol Pedley: Sponsor: Katzapurrin Maine Coons. Coons Cartage & Excavation • Smiths Falls • Ontario •. Hurricane Katzapurrin “Monkey” x JT “Wind” litter click on picture to see their page. Stenabolic boasts of a 4 hours' short half-life.